Hey, if you're reading this article, we have good news for you – with Java knowledge, plenty of doors will be open for you since plenty of positions are waiting for developers having strong coding skills. If you're looking for a new profession or a career change, the IT industry is likely at the top of your list. Why? It's one of the fastest-growing sectors globally that provides temporary employment, jobs full of opportunities, multiple career paths, professional growth, travel opportunities, and high salaries. As IT is rapidly evolving, tons of new specializations and technologies are constantly popping up in the software industry. So, naturally, lots of new career opportunities appear, too. However, the lines between different types of programmers can be pretty blurry for newcomers. Therefore, we have developed this brief guide on developers jobs, required skills, and average salaries. Keep on reading to discover more about the most demanded developers positons.
Front-end developers earn about $106,637 a year. As for vacant positions, there are more than 47,233 offerings in the USA.
An average back-end developer earns almost the same money as an average front-end developer. However, the salary of an experienced back-end developer may reach $122,445 (bonuses not included). About 15,000 job offers.
Full-stack developers earn $108,089 a year. 31,288 open jobs now.
Mobile developers roughly make $117,644 a year besides bonuses. 33,641 vacancies are available.
The average salary for a Game Developer in the US makes $115,846 per year. Nearly 8,000 offerings in the USA alone.
Web Developers in the USA earn about $68,682 per year. And the number of currently open positions is enormous — 63,598.
The average salary for a DevOps Engineer makes as much as $126,301. 17,379 jobs are offered right now.
The median salary for Big Data developers is $109,717 per year, and the number of open jobs is 24,722.
Different types of Developers Explained
Front-end DeveloperFront-end developers specialize mainly in the visual side of the projects – interfaces, aesthetics, and layouts. Their primary responsibility is to create "attractive" websites and web apps. Front-end devs write a code that should be run on a web browser, and their role is focused mainly on human-machine interaction and design principles. It's a high-level work because front-end developers have to deal with cross-browser compatibility issues and tweak tricky details of a UI's visual presentation. Essential skills for front-end developers are:
- User interface design (UI)
- User experience design (UX)
- UI frameworks
- Frameworks like Backbone, Bootstrap, Foundation, AngularJS, or EmberJS
- Libraries like jQuery and LESS
- Experience with Ajax
Back-end DeveloperThis is the second most popular type of developer. Back-end developers (i.e., server-side developers) focus mainly on design, implementation, scalability, functional logic, and the whole performance of software running on remote machines from the end-user. The back-end systems are typically quite complex as they include a server, an app, and a database. And the main task of a back-end developer is to create and maintain all the components above. To put it another way, they integrate a wide variety of services such as databases, logging, caching, email systems, etc. Skills required: besides Java or other object-oriented languages, back-end developers often need to know how to deal with data storage systems, databases, caching systems, email systems, logging systems, and the like. Bonus knowledge:
- Tools like MySQL, Oracle, and SQL Server
- PHP frameworks like Zend, CakePHP, and Symfony
- Version control software like SVN, CVS, or Git