public class TxtInputStream extends FileInputStream {

    String fileName;

    public TxtInputStream(String fileName) throws Exception {

        // if filename is a correct string that leads to a txt file
        // behave like a regular FileInputStream and read
        // else throw UnsupportedFileNameException
        // call super.close();

        String[] sentences = fileName.split("\\.");
        int length = sentences.length;
        if (sentences[length-1].equals("txt")) {
            FileInputStream fileInputStream = new FileInputStream(fileName);
        } else {
            throw new UnsupportedFileNameException();

    public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
        TxtInputStream streamFile = new TxtInputStream("myFile.txt");

We can use the split method from the String class to extract a substring. Say we want to extract the first sentence from the example String. This is quite easy to do using split:

String[] sentences = text.split("\\.");
Since the split method accepts a regex we had to escape the period character.

Then we take the last element of the array and make sure that that one is txt. The element index will be array length - 1. This way, even if name is "file.1231txt" or "file.txt.exe" we will always know if there is only txt at the end or not.