“他們不會有事的。聯繫 IntelliJ IDEA 特工來完成你的任務。他會給你所有的指示。”
Archiver (part 1)
Let's write an archiver. At a minimum, an archiver should be able to zip and unzip files. Let's start with the first one. We need an archive manager. It will perform operations on the archive file (a file that will be stored on disk and have the zip extension).
Archiver (part 2)
Now let's implement the createZip(Path source) method, which will zip the file specified by the source argument. Java has a special ZipOutputStream class in the java.util.zip package. It compresses (zips) the data passed to it.
Archiver (part 3)
As you can see, zipping isn't that bad. But our archiver is somehow too primitive. A real archiver should be able to do much more: extract an archive, add a new file to an existing archive, remove a file from an archive, and view the contents of an archive. Now let's improve our archiver.
Archiver (part 4)
Each command implies the execution of some action. Create a Command interface with an execute() method. We'll create a separate class for each command. All of the command classes must implement (inherit) the Command interface.
Archiver (part 5)
Let's divide the commands into two types: those that work directly with the archive, and helpers (for example, EXIT). All the commands of the first type will have shared functionality. It's convenient to pull this functionality into a common base class. Let's call this class ZipCommand.
Archiver (part 6)
Suppose the user uses the Operation operation variable to let us know what he or she wants to do. Then we need to check the variable, create a corresponding command object, and call its execute() method. To avoid creating the required command object every time, we need to store it somewhere.
Archiver (part 7)
We've done a lot and can take a quick break. Let's create an exception package and add two classes to it: PathNotFoundException and NoSuchZipFileException. We'll throw a PathNotFoundException exception if we can't find the path needed to extract the archive, or the path to the file you want to zip.
Archiver (part 8)
To find out which command the user currently wants to execute, let's add an Operation askOperation() method to the Archiver class. This method should display a list of available commands and ask the user to choose one of them.
Archiver (part 9)
Now let's take care of another part of our archiver that is no less important. Frequently, users want to create an archive from not just one file, but from an entire folder. In this case, zipping amounts to successively adding a ZipEntry for each file to the archive.
Archiver (part 10)
It's time to refactor the ZipFileManager class. The createZip method has code that we're also going to need in the methods that will add files to or remove them from an archive, extract files, etc. We'll implement those methods later, but we can move the common code to separate methods now.
Archiver (part 11)
Finally, we'll try to provide a decent implementation for the ZipCreateCommand class's execute() method that we added previously. To do this, we need to: 1. Display "Creating an archive." at the beginning of the method. Don't forget that we are using the ConsoleHelper class to work with the console.
Archiver (part 12)
Today we'll prepare to implement ZipContentCommand. It will be responsible for getting an archive's contents. The archive's contents are compressed files and folders, but we're interested in knowing not only the names of the archive's objects, but also their size before and after compression.
Archiver (part 13)
Let's continue to move toward getting the contents of an archive. Let's write a getFileList() method inside the ZipFileManager class. It will return a list of the files in the archive, or rather a list of the properties of these files ( we already implemented the FileProperties class).
Archiver (part 14)
Everything is ready to implement the ZipContentCommand class's execute() method: 1. Display "Viewing contents of the archive."; 2. Create a ZipFileManager object using the getZipFileManager() method; 3. Display "Archive contents:"; 4. Get a list of the archive's files using the getFileList() method.
Archiver (part 15)
It's time to try to extract something. To do this, add a public void extractAll(Path outputFolder) throws Exception method to the ZipFileManager class. The Path outputFolder parameter is the path to which we will extract our archive.
Archiver (part 16)
It's time to remove something from an archive. An archive is a tricky thing—you can't just go and remove an element. Why? Imagine we decided to invent our own text compression algorithm. After examining the source text, we see that the phrase "being a programmer is cool" occurs often.
Archiver (part 17)
There's just one small trifle left: adding a file to an archive. It sounds shady, but that's exactly what we're going to do. Adding files is similar to removing them: we create a temporary archive file, copy over all of the old archive's contents, and then add the new files.
Archiver (part 18)
You're an excellent student! I've slightly tweaked your code. You can use this archiver for zipping files in everyday life. If you have the time and desire, try adding an operation that varies the zip compression level!